The trans and gender diverse population consists of a range of individuals for whom the sex assigned to them at birth is inconsistent with their gender identity. Australian and international research shows that around 10% of people are same sex attracted¹, around 4% are trans/gender diverse², and around 1.7% are intersex³.
As a community trans and gender diverse youth face many barriers and social inequities to meaningful participation in everyday activities. The result of these complex social, cultural, physical, economic and political determinants of health is trans and gender diverse communities experiencing some of the poorest health outcomes in our community. Despite current equities in the health of trans* and gender diverse youth in Victoria, until recently the needs of the population have been largely overlooked.
Studies such as tranznation, private lives I & II, breaking the silence, overseas studies and some not yet published, have started to uncover some of the disparities in health young gender diverse people face. Notably the studies show the population at much greater risk (compared to the general population and the gay, lesbian community) to a range of mental health issues including: depression, anxiety disorders, self harm, suicide, bi polar, stress and borderline personality disorder. Trans and gender diverse youth are also at a much greater risk of physical and sexual violence. From this we are also able to quantify lived experiences in terms of high levels of stigma, marginalisation, systemic and social discrimination as well as the equities faced in seeking access to health and other protective factors.
1. Mitchell, A. Patrick, K. Heywood, W. Blackman, P. Pi s, M. (2014). 5th na onal survey of Australian secondary students and sexual health 2013. Australian Research Centre in Sex Health and Society, La Trobe University. 2. Clark, T. C., Fleming, T., Bullen, P., Denny, S., Crengle, S., Dyson, B., Fortune, S., Lucassen, M., Peiris-John, R., Robinson, E., Rossen, F., Sheridan, J., Teevale, T., U er, J. (2013) Youth’12 Overview: The health and wellbeing of New Zealand secondary school students in 2012. Auckland, New Zealand: The University of Auckland. 3. Blackless, M. Charuvastra, A. Derryck, Fausto-Sterling, A. Lauzanne, K. Lee, E. (2000) How sexually dimorphic are we? Review and synthesis, in American Journal of Human Biology 04/2000; 12(2):151-166.